新农村建设中的环境污染问题及对策研究——以张家港市塘桥镇为例毕业论文_农林经济管理毕业论文

新农村建设中的环境污染问题及对策研究——以张家港市塘桥镇为例毕业论文

2021-04-08更新

摘 要

全面建设社会主义新农村,是实现小康社会的基础,是贯彻科学发展观的重要措施,是确保我国现在化建设顺利推进的首要前提。在建设社会主义新农村的同时,不仅要关注经济、政治、社会和文化建设,也应尊重自然,关注环境问题,维持生态平衡。自然环境是人类生存与发展的重要条件,是使经济繁荣发展的重要物质基础。所以,保护自然环境、维持生态平衡是关系到社会发展和人类生存的根本性问题。在建设社会主义新农村的同时,研究产生的环境问题,是新农村建设的重要内容,同时也是可持续发展的客观需要。在农村环境问题中,最突出的是水资源污染问题。水资源是人类生存、生活以生产的最重要资源之一,是社会与经济发展的重要基础。因此,研究并解决农村水污染问题,将对农村环境的改善以及经济的发展有很重要的作用。论文以张家港市塘桥镇为例,全面调查并了解农村建设情况,指出来张家港市塘桥镇目前产生的水污染基本情况,分析造成水污染的主要原因,引导人们认识到节约用水、保护水资源的重要性,从循环经济的角度出发,针对性地提出了治理建议及保护措施。

关键词:农村建设;水污染;对策及建议

Study on water pollution in new rural construction and countermeasures — a case study of Tangqiao town Zhangjiagang city

ABSTRACT

Building a new socialist countryside in an all-round way is the basis for realizing a well-off society, an important measure for implementing the scientific outlook on development and the primary prerequisite for ensuring the smooth progress of China’s modernization drive.While building a new socialist countryside, we should not only focus on economic, political, social and cultural development, but also respect nature, pay attention to environmental issues and maintain ecological balance.The natural environment is an important condition for human survival and development and an important material basis for economic prosperity and development.Therefore, the protection of the natural environment and the maintenance of ecological balance are fundamental issues related to social development and human survival.At the same time of building the new socialist countryside, the research on the environmental problems is the important content of the new rural construction and the objective need of the sustainable development.Among the rural environmental problems, the most prominent one is the pollution of water resources.Water resource is one of the most important resources for human survival and production.Therefore, to study and solve the problem of rural water pollution will play a very important role in improving the rural environment and economic development.Papers in zhangjiagang Tangqiao Town, for example, a full investigation and understanding of rural construction, points out that to zhangjiagang Tangqiao Town at present the basic situation of water pollution, analysis of the main causes of water pollution, people realize the importance of water conservation, protection of water resources, from the perspective of circular economy, puts forward the Suggestions and measures.

Key words:Rural Construction;Water Pollution;Countermeasure and Suggestion

目 录

1 绪论……………………………………………………………………………………………1

1.1 研究背景及意义…………………………………………………………………………1

1.1.1 研究背景…………………………………………………………………………1

1.1.2 研究意义…………………………………………………………………………1

1.2 国内外研究现状………………………………………………………………………2

1.3 研究方法及思路………………………………………………………………………2

1.3.1 研究方法…………………………………………………………………………2

1.3.2 研究思路…………………………………………………………………………3

2 塘桥镇发展状况分析……………………………………………………………………………4

2.1 塘桥镇农村发展现状……………………………………………………………………4

2.2 塘桥镇水污染产生的来源……………………………………………………………4

2.2.1 面源污染…………………………………………………………………………4

2.2.2 农民生活污水的污染……………………………………………………………5

2.2.3 乡镇企业产生的废水污染………………………………………………………5

3 模型分析…………………………………………………………………………………………6

3.1 变量选择说明……………………………………………………………………………6

3.2 模型建立…………………………………………………………………………………6

3.3 结果分析………………………………………………………………………………10

4 治理环境污染的对策及建议…………………………………………………………………11

4.1 有效控制乡镇企业的污染……………………………………………………………11

4.2 化肥、农药的合理使用…………………………………………………………………11

4.3 农民生活污水优化处理………………………………………………………………11

4.4 畜禽养殖业与种植业相结合…………………………………………………………12

4.5 加强宣传教育,增强农民环保意识……………………………………………………12

4.6 建立和完善环境保护的法律体系……………………………………………………12

5 结论与建议 ……………………………………………………………………………………14

5.1 结论 ……………………………………………………………………………………14

5.2 建议 ……………………………………………………………………………………14致谢 ………………………………………………………………………………………………16

参考文献 …………………………………………………………………………………………17

表1 张家港市塘桥镇2007-2017年基本情况表………………………………………………6

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